Attitudes are the source of behavior. Restructuring attitudes to create positive behavior can empower students to set appropriate goals for success.
How to Develop a Positive Attitude
FYI: For more information on building positive Attitude, contact the Academic Advising Center at email@example.com or call 501-279-4531.
Concentration is the ability to stay focused on a task and is necessary for effective learning.
FYI: For more information on building effective concentration, contact the Academic Advising Center at firstname.lastname@example.org or call 501-279-4531.
Listening is different from hearing. Effective listening is an active process and is essential to the learning process.
Active listening IS NOT...
Active listening IS...
Adapted from Tutor Training Manual, LSU, Baton Rouge, Atkinson, Rhonda, Ph.D.
Effective Listening Strategies
Ask and answer the following questions BEFORE listening
Student asks and answers the following questions DURING listening
Student asks and answers the following questions AFTER listening
Goals are about making changes in ourselves or our environment for the near or distant future. These goals determine what actions we need to take today. The most overwhelming threat to achieving goals is PROCRASTINATION!!
The 5 Elements of a Useful Goal
1. Specific--it describes what you want to accomplish with as much detail as possible.
Poor example: "I want to read better."
Good example: "I will increase my reading comprehension score 10% by the end of the semester."
2. Measurable--a useful goal is described in terms that can be clearly evaluated.
Poor example: "I want to lose weight this year."
Good example: "I will lose 15 pounds by my cousin's wedding two months from now."
3. Challenging--It takes energy, effort, and discipline to accomplish.
Poor example: "I want to get to all of my classes on Thursday."
Good example: "I will complete the assignments and be prepared for my classes on Thursday."
4. Realistic--A realistic goal is one you are capable of attaining. This is the most difficult of the 5 elements. Making this determination requires a judgment. Making this judgment requires an adequate knowledge base, strategies for accessing it effectively, metacognitive awareness, metacognitive knowledge, and executive control.
Poor example: "I want to become the editor of the student newspaper in my first semester."
Good example: "I will become the editor of the student paper by my Junior year in school."
5. Set in Time--A completion date must be established. For long term goals, it may be important to identify shorter-term enabling goals. Target completion dates could be specified for these shorter-term goals that lead to the desired endpoint.
Poor example: "I want to do a lot of professional writing in my lifetime."
Good example: "I will complete a short story by the end of the semester."
From NADE Journal, vol 12, No. 2, Fall 1992, p. 1-2.
Goal Setting Weekly Checklist
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FYI: For more information on Goal Setting, attend the Academic Success Workshop or visit the Academic Resources Center.
* To learn more about how to avoid Procrastination, visit the Academic Resources Center's Web page on Time Management. (see below)
* Recommended reading: 7 Habits of Highly Effective People, Stephen R. Covey.
People learn in various ways. How you acquire information from your environment, process it for understanding, store memory, and recall is your learning style. Identifying and understanding your learning style will help you learn more effectively in and outside of the classroom.
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FYI: For additional information on learning styles, contact Academic Advising at email@example.com or call 501-279-4531.
Motivation is another learning strategy that drastically affects your desire to manage your time and do well in college. It affects the immediate or near-term tasks necessary for successful completion of course work. The essence of motivation is the acceptance of personal responsibility for your education and taking a proactive attitude about whatever happens to you.
Characteristics of High Motivation
Characteristics of Low Motivation
FYI: For more information on Motivation, contact the Academic Advising Center at firstname.lastname@example.org or call 501- 279-4531.
* Recommended reading: 7 Habits of Highly Effective People, Stephen R. Covey, Simon & Schuster, NY.
Review is the key to learning. Effective note-taking is essential for reducing lecture and/or reading material to a manageable amount of information for organization and review.
Preparation for Note-taking
The Cornell Note-Taking System
Tips on what to include in your notes
Use symbols and abbreviations
FYI: For more information on Note-taking Skills, contact the Academic Advising Center at email@example.com or call 501-279-4531.
Reading is one of the four basic skills. Knowing "how" to read for university level comprehension and reasoning is essential to effective learning. Using the strategies below can make reading more meaningful, enjoyable, and improve your reading comprehension.
Strategies For Effective Study/Reading
FYI: For more information on effective Reading skills, contact the Academic Advising Center at firstname.lastname@example.org or call 501-279-4531.
SQ3R is a five-step technique for better studying. It helps the student prepare to study and to get more out of what they read. The five steps are as follows:
This involves looking the article over to see what it is about. It is NOT reading the selection, merely skimming it or scanning it for general ideas. This part should only take a few minutes. It's like looking at a road map before you start on your trip. You can make some predictions about the reading also.
After you glance over the selection you should have some idea of the things you would like to know and what you need to look for while reading. These are your PURPOSE- SETTING QUESTIONS and they give your reading some direction, focus, and goal to satisfy.
Now you are ready to read. This part includes answering your purpose-setting questions, looking for main ideas, highlighting, and labeling text. This is when you get your information.
This step is where you take what you know and recite the important parts to fix them in your memory. This also includes summarizing. Good things to recite are answers to your purpose-setting questions. You can recite to yourself or with a study partner.
Perfect practice make perfect. The more you look over something you have learned the longer it will stay in your mind. Short, frequent periods of study usually work best.
Learning is thinking about content and process. Knowing how to create and use study aids can increase meaningful learning and retention.
The Effective Study Environment
FYI: For more information on Study Aids & Effective Environments, contact the Academic Advising Center at email@example.com or call 501-279-4531.
* Visit the Academic Advising Center to take the LEARNING AND STUDY STRATEGIES INVENTORY (LASSI) to assess your study effectiveness.
(self-testing for comprehension)
Monitoring one's own level of understanding is essential to knowledge acquisition and retention. Reviewing and self-testing are important techniques for checking comprehension.
Checking whether or not you understand the material.
Before Reading Ask yourself these Questions
When Problems Occur
Tips For Reviewing
Exercise in Anticipating Test Questions
FYI: For more information on Self-testing/Reviewing, contact the Academic Advising Center at firstname.lastname@example.org or call 501-279-4531.
Anxiety is a learned response. Some students experience uneasiness or apprehension before taking a test. A little anxiety is good. However, extreme persistent tension can cause fear, dread, nervousness, loss of sleep or appetite, and problems with thinking and memory. Knowing how to reduce anxiety enables the student to take tests more confidently.
Causes of Test Anxiety
Results of Anxiety
Coping Strategies for Test Anxiety
Learn to r-e-e-l-a-x-x.
Techniques for Reducing Test Anxiety
Stress Busters: stress reducing activities
FYI: For more information on coping with Test Anxiety, contact the Academic Advising Center at email@example.com or call 501-279-4531.
Students can maximize their performance on tests by using effective methods for preparation and test-taking.
FYI: For more information on Test-taking skills, contact the Academic Advising Center at firstname.lastname@example.org or call 501-279-4531.
Managing time is one of the keys to success. Students need to be confident in using time effectively to schedule classes and activities in such a way as to meet appropriate goals.
Tips for Scheduling Your Time
Most Common Time Management Problems
Reasons for Procrastination
FYI: For more information on Time Management, contact the Academic Advising Center at email@example.com or call 501-279-4531.